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The Epic of Creation

Chapter 7, in it’s entirety, of The 12th Planet – [Book 1 of The Earth Chronicles Series]

(Part 5 of 5)


From The 12th Planet

by Zecharia Sitchin


     New as these cosmologic theories may sound, they were accepted fact to the prophets and sages whose words fill the Old Testament. The Prophet Isaiah recalled "the primeval days" when the night of the Lord "carved the Haughty one, made spin the watery monster, dried up the waters of Tehom-Baba." Calling the Lord Yahweh "my primeval king," the Psalmist rendered in a few verses the cosmogony of the epic of Creation. "Bu thy might, the waters thou didst disperse; the leader of the watery monsters thou didst break up." Job recalled how this celestial Lord also smote "the assistants of the haughty One"; and with impressive astronomical sophistication exalted the Lord who:


                 The hammered canopy stretched out in the place of Tehom,
                 The Earth suspended in the void….
                 His powers the waters did arrest,
                 His energy the Haughty One did cleave;
                 His Wind the Hammered Bracelet measured out;
                 His hand the twisting dragon did extinguish.


     Biblical scholars now recognize that the Hebrew Tehom ("watery deep") stems from Tiamat; that Tehom-Baba means "great Tiamat," and that the biblical understanding of primeval events is based upon the Sumerian cosmologic epics. It should also be clear that first and foremost among these parallels are the opening verses of the Book of Genesis, describing how the Wind of the Lord hovered over the waters of Tehom, and how the lightning of the Lord (Marduk in the Babylonian version) lit the darkness of space as it hit and split Tiamat, creating Earth and the Rakia (literally, "the hammered bracelet"). This celestial band (hitherto translated as "firmament") is called "the Heaven."

     The Book of Genesis (1:8) explicitly states that it is this "hammered out bracelet" that the Lord had named "heaven" (shamaim). The Akkadian texts also called this celestial zone "the hammered bracelet (rakkis), and describe how Marduk stretched out Tiamat’s lower part until he brought it end to end, fastened into a permanent great circle. The Sumerian sources leave not doubt that the specific "heaven," as distinct from the general concept of heavens and space, was the asteroid belt.

     Our Earth and the asteroid belt are the "Heavens and Earth" of both Mesopotamian and biblical references, created when Tiamat was dismembered by the celestial Lord.

     After Marduk’s North Wind had pushed Earth to a new celestial location, Earth obtained its own orbit around the Sun (resulting in our seasons) and received its axial spin (giving day and night). The Mesopotamian texts claim that one of Marduk’s tasks after he created Earth was, indeed, to have "allotted [to Earth] the days of the Sun and established the precincts of day and night." The biblical concepts are identical:


And God said:
"Let their be Lights in the hammered Heaven,
to divide between the Day and the Night;
and let them be celestial signs
and for Seasons and for Days and for Years."


     Modern scholars believe that after Earth became a planet it was a hot ball of belching volcanoes, filling the skies with mists and clouds. As temperatures began to cool, the vapors turned to water, separating the face of Earth into dry land and oceans.

     The fifth tablet of Enuma Elish, though badly mutilated, imparts exactly the same scientific information. Describing the gushing lava as Tiamat’s "spittle," the Creation epic correctly places this phenomenon before the formation of the atmosphere, the oceans of Earth, and the continents. After the "cloud waters are gathered," the oceans began to form, and the "foundations’ of Earth – its continents – were raised. As "the making of cold" – a cooling off – took place, rain and mist appeared. Meanwhile, the "spittle" continued to pour forth, "laying in layers," shaping Earth’s topography.

     Once again, the biblical parallel is clear:


               And God said:
               "Let the waters under the skies be gathered together,
               unto one place, and let dry land appear."
               And it was so.


     Earth, with oceans, continents, and an atmosphere, was no ready for the formation of mountains, rivers, springs, valleys. Attributing all Creation to the Lord Marduk, Enuma Elish continued the narration:


               Putting Tiamat’s head [Earth] into position,
               He raised the mountains thereon.
               He opened springs, the torrents to draw off.
               Through her eyes he released the Tigris and Euphrates.
               From her teats he formed the lofty mountains,
               Drilled springs for wells, the water to carry off.


     In perfect accord with modern findings, both the Book of Genesis and Enuma Elish and other related Mesopotamian texts place the beginning of life upon Earth in the waters, followed by the "living creatures that swarm" and "fowl that fly." Not until then did "living creatures after their kind: cattle and creeping things and beasts" appear upon Earth, culminating with the appearance of Man – the final act of Creation.

* * *

     As part of the new celestial order upon Earth, Marduk "made the divine Moon appear….designated him to mark the night, define the days every month."

     Who was this celestial god? The text calls him SHESH.KI ("celestial god who protects Earth"). There is no mention earlier in the epic of a planet by this name; yet there he is, "within her heavenly pressure [gravitational field]." And who is meant by "her": Tiamat or Earth?

     The roles of, and references to, Tiamat and Earth appear to be interchangeable. Earth is Tiamat reincarnated. The Moon is called Earth’s "protector"; that is exactly what Tiamat called Kingu, her chief satellite.

     The Creation epic specifically excludes Kingu from the "host" of Tiamat that were shattered and scattered and put into reverse motion around the Sun as comets. After Marduk completed his own first orbit and returned to the scene of the battle, he decreed Kingu’s separate fate:


And Kingu, who had become chief among them,
He made shrink;
And god DUG.GA.E he counted him.
He took from him the Tablet of Destinies,
Not rightfully his.


     Marduk, then, did not destroy Kingu. He punished him by taking away his independent orbit, which Tiamat had granted him as he grew in size. Shrunk to a smaller size, Kingu remained a "god" – a planetary member of our solar system. Without an orbit he would only become a satellite again. As Tiamat’s upper part was thrown into a new orbit, (as the new planet Earth), we suggest, Kingu was pulled along. Our Moon, we suggest, is Kingu, Tiamat’s former satellite.

     Transformed in to a terrestrial duggae, Kingu had been stripped of his "vital’ elements – atmosphere, waters, radioactive matter; he shrank in size and became "a mass of lifeless clay." These Sumerian terms fittingly describe our lifeless Moon, its recently discovered history, and the fate that befell this satellite that started out as KIN.GU ("great emissary") and ended up as DUG.GA.E ("pot of lead").

     L. W. King (The Seven Tablets of Creation) reported the existence of three fragments of an astronomical-mythological tablet that presented another version of Marduk’s battle with Tiamat, which included verses that dealt with the manner in which Marduk dispatched Kingu. "Kingu, her spouse, with a weapon not of war he cut away….the Tablets of Destiny from Kingu he took in his hand." A further attempt, by B. Landesberger (in 1923, in the Archiv für Keilschriftforoschung), to edit and fully translate the text, demonstrated the interchangeability of the names Kingu/Ensu/Moon.

     Such texts not only confirm our conclusions that Tiamat’s main satellite became our Moon; they also explain NASA’s findings regarding a huge collision "when celestial bodies the size of large cities came crashing into the Moon." Both the NASA findings and the text discovered by L. W. King describe the Moon as the "planet that was laid waste."

     Cylinder seals have been found that depict the celestial battle, showing Marduk fighting a fierce female deity. One such depiction shows Marduk shooting his lightning at Tiamat, with Kingu, clearly identified as the Moon, trying to protect Tiamat, his creator.


Click here for original image!

(fig. 109)

     This pictorial evidence that Earth’s Moon and Kingu were the same satellite is further enhanced by the etymological fact that the name of the god SIN, in later times associated with the Moon, derived from SU.EN ("lord of wasteland").

     Having disposed of Tiamat and Kingu, Marduk once again "crossed the heavens and surveyed the regions." This time his attention was focused on "the dwelling of Nudimmud" (Neptune), to fix a final "destiny" for Gaga, the erstwhile satellite of Anshar/Saturn who was made an "emissary" to the other planets.

     The epic informs us that as one of his final acts in the heavens, Marduk assigned this celestial god "to a hidden place," a hitherto unknown orbit facing "the deep" (outer space), and entrusted to him the "counsellorship of the Watery Deep." In line with his new position, the planet was renamed US.MI ("one who shows the way"), the outermost planet, our Pluto.

     According to the Creation epic, Marduk had at one point boasted, "The ways of the celestial gods I will artfully alter…into two groups shall they be divided."

     Indeed he did. He eliminated from the heavens the Sun’s first partner-in-Creation, Tiamat. He brought Earth into being, thrusting it into a new orbit nearer the sun. He hammered a "bracelet" in the heavens – the asteroid belt that does separate the group of inner planets from the group of outer planets. He turned most of Tiamat’s satellites into comets; her chief satellite, Kingu, he put into orbit around Earth to become the Moon. And he shifted a satellite of Saturn, Gaga, to become the planet Pluto, imparting to it some of Marduk’s own orbital characteristics (such as a different orbital plane).

     The puzzles of our solar system – the oceanic cavities upon Earth, the devastation upon the Moon, the reverse orbits of the comets, the enigmatic phenomena of Pluto – all are perfectly answered by the Mesopotamian Creation epic, as deciphered by us.

     Having thus "constructed the stations" for the planets, Marduk took for himself "Station Nibiru," and "crossed the heavens and surveyed" the new solar system. It was now made up of twelve celestial bodies, with twelve Great Gods as their counterparts.


Click here for original image!

(fig. 110)


*     *     *

This concludes Chapter 7, The Epic of Creation, in its entirety

All images appear exactly as depicted in The 12th Planet


Related Reading


    The Twelfth Planet

It Came From Outer Space

When Earth Had Not Been Formed

Before Copernicus And NASA

The Two Faces Of Pluto

The Case Of The Lurking Planet

The Case of the Layered Asteroid


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